Frequently Asked Questions

Frequently Asked Questions2019-09-25T12:03:56+01:00
Support / Frequently Asked Questions

Below are the answers to our most frequently asked questions. If you do not find the answer you are looking for here, then you can ask us a question by email or speak to an expert.

How do I place an order for sensors?2019-07-05T15:22:29+01:00

You can place an order by requesting a quotation or by sending your purchase order direct to ft.orders@fttechnologies.com.

If you are sending us purchase order directly, please remember to include the following information:

  • Company name
  • PO number
  • Invoice address
  • Delivery address
  • Contact name
  • Contact telephone number
  • VAT number
  • Quantity
  • Product part number
How much do your sensors cost?2019-05-31T13:53:08+01:00

We do not publish our prices online, but quote for each order individually. Our pricing is based on a number of factors including the exact product configuration and settings you require. This will depend on the application for which you will be using the sensor. Price is also affected by the volume ordered.

We will be delighted to give you a quick and free quotation for any of our products. If you would like to discuss your requirements with one of our Applications Engineers first, then please contact us.

How can I arrange to trial a sensor?2019-07-05T15:26:25+01:00

FT Technologies is keen to support the development of new applications for FT sensors. To do this we run the FT Test Program whereby we can loan you sensors and accessories for up to 180 days for free. In addition, you have access to our Application Engineers to help you plan your test.

In return, we ask that you share your test results with us and, if possible, some photos. We also ask that you complete our Sensor Evaluation Survey. At the end of the trial period, if you want to keep the sensors, then you can buy them. If not, you can return them.

To apply to participate in the FT Test Program please fill in this form.

Can I speak to an engineer about my particular project?2019-07-03T09:18:15+01:00

Yes. Many people find it helpful to talk through the details of how they intend to use the sensor, in what environment, and how it will connect to their equipment. Our Applications Engineers are available Monday-Friday, 9-5.30 GMT. Alternatively, you can contact them by email and arrange a call back via Skype or telephone.

Do you supply cables for power and data connection?2019-07-05T17:26:16+01:00

FT Technologies can supply small quantities of pre-assembled cables and connectors. For large volumes or long production runs it may be more economical to buy cables directly from your preferred manufacturer. You can see our full range of accessories here.

Do you supply data-logging software?2019-07-05T15:32:45+01:00

No, we do not supply data-logging software. As our sensors do not log data internally, you need to connect the output to an external device capable of data logging with the appropriate analogue or digital interface.

For direct connection to your laptop or PC, we do supply an Acu-Test Pack which allows you to connect the sensor via USB. The Acu-Test pack consists of a bespoke cable and our Acu-Vis software. With the Acu-Test pack, you can instantly see on-screen readings as they are output from the sensor. You can also customise your user settings.

You can buy an Acu-Test Pack online from our Accessories webshop. Please note that you need to choose the correct pack based on what sensor model you have. If you would like any further advice, please contact us.

Can the sensor be connected to WiFi?2019-09-11T11:44:17+01:00
What is the design life of the sensor?2019-07-05T14:36:03+01:00

The design life is 20 years, and has been verified by extensive environmental testing, please see our Product Certification page for further details. Events such as lightning, highly corrosive and erosive atmospheres, or exposure to severe mechanical impacts may reduce the operational lifespan.

How should the sensor be aligned?2019-07-03T09:17:40+01:00

The sensor measures the wind speed and direction in a 2D plane, therefore the sensor cavity surface planes should be parallel with the plane of air flow you want to measure.

For instance, if you want to measure horizontal flow, the sensor should be mounted vertically (either upright or upside down). If you want to measure vertical flow, the sensor cavity can be mounted horizontally.

How are FT sensors different to other ultrasonic anemometers?2019-07-03T09:18:30+01:00

What makes FT ultrasonic wind sensors unique is our use of Acoustic Resonance Technology. Invented by our Executive Chairman, Dr Savvas Kapartis, and patented in 1997, Acu-Res® is a solid-state (no moving parts) technology for measuring wind speed and direction. It uses an acoustic (ultrasonic) wave which is resonated inside a small cavity.

A strong resonating sound wave in a small space provides a large signal that is easy to measure. Acu-Res® has a signal to noise ratio more than 40dB stronger than other ultrasonic technologies.

Using Acu-Res® technology results in a small, easily heated sensor which operates reliably, even under extreme weather conditions. The sensor’s small size means that power is used very efficiently ensuring that the sensor can stay ice-free. Small in size also means light in weight. The maximum weight of an FT7 Series sensor is 380g, and yet the hard anodised aluminium body makes the sensor incredibly strong.

The FT7 Series are probably the most tested wind sensors in the world. They have passed over 28 independent tests including sand, dust, ice, vibration, drop, corrosion, hail and lightning protection.

Essentially, Acu-Res® sets FT sensors apart from mechanical and other ultrasonic wind sensing technologies to give a more robust and reliable measurement solution.

What are main advantages of acoustic resonance ultrasonic anemometry, compared to time of flight ultrasonic anemometry?2019-07-05T12:27:55+01:00

Acoustic resonance technology monitors the shift in phase of the sound waves, rather than the time of flight principle, to calculate wind speed and direction.

Achieving resonance inside the sensor cavity results in a high signal-to-noise ratio, making it more resistant to signal interference which helps to maintain a very high data availability (>99.9%).

This difference in measurement principle also enables our design to be smaller, lighter and tougher than other ultrasonic sensors. The small product size and mass reduces the power necessary for the built-in heaters to keep the sensor free of ice, even in extremely cold climates.

Can I get a calibration certificate for my FT sensor?2019-07-03T16:17:25+01:00

All FT sensors are calibrated in our own production wind tunnel. On request, we can supply the results of this calibration. Please contact us with the serial number of your sensor to request this service. If, however, a MEASNET calibration certificate is required, then contact us and we can recommend a suitable wind tunnel near you.

Does my sensor ever need recalibration?2019-07-05T17:38:50+01:00

No. FT wind sensors are built using entirely solid-state technology. With no moving parts there is no measurement drift. The sensor will maintain a consistent calibration throughout its lifetime so no re-calibration is required.

If you wish to change the calibration of your sensor, then this is possible through the User Calibration Table feature of the sensor (available on V22, FT205, FT722 and FT742 sensors). See the User Manual for more details.

Does my sensor need regular maintenance?2019-07-05T17:29:36+01:00

No. The sensor also has no user-serviceable parts and so does not require regular maintenance. We do however recommend that you carry out annual visual inspections to ensure that the cavity is clear of obstructions and that no corrosion has occurred between the sensor and its mounting.

Should I get my sensor externally calibrated?2019-07-05T14:48:42+01:00

Every FT wind sensor is fully calibrated in our factory wind tunnel during the manufacturing process, and each sensor design has been subjected to third party tunnel verification. Therefore, there is no need for additional external calibration.

Some of our customers, however, require that their sensors be calibrated in a wind tunnel that has been accredited to an internationally recognised standard, e.g. MEASNET and traceability to ISO17025. Often this is a contractual obligation.

Should you require either a calibration-check performed in a third party wind tunnel, or a full calibration-adjustment which will zero the sensor measurements to this tunnel, you must specify this when placing your order.

My turbine power curve isn’t perfect. Surely it’s the wind sensor’s fault?2019-07-05T15:02:39+01:00

Wind turbine power curves are a useful tool to monitor turbine performance and efficiency but are not always an ideal method for assessing the accuracy of the wind sensor.

Many other factors affect the power output of a turbine and different wind speeds and directions. These include topography, wind shear and veer effects, wind sector (directional) implications, air density variations, wind farm layout and performance of the other turbine components involved in converting wind energy to electricity.

Our recommendation is that every wind turbine should have two wind sensors so that there is always a second value to compare against. Having this redundancy will maintain turbine operation in the event of a sensor failure.

Does the sensor only give readings in m/s or can I change it to km/h or knots?2019-07-03T09:18:40+01:00

FT7 Series wind sensors can output wind speed readings in m/s, km/h or knots. You can specify which option you would prefer at time of purchase.

How do I change the settings on my sensor?2019-07-05T15:59:30+01:00

The easiest way to change the settings on your sensor, is to use an FT Acu-Test Pack. This pack includes our Acu-Vis software, and a USB cable to connect your sensor to a PC or laptop. To purchase an Acu-Test Pack please visit our Accessories webshop. Please make sure that you choose the correct version of the Pack for your model.

Alternatively, you could use a serial emulator program (such as Tera Term* or HyperTerminal*) to communicate with the sensor using the commands as described in the Command Parameters section of your product manual.

*Please note that FT Technologies is not responsible for the content of external sites.

 

How can I test my sensor?2019-07-05T15:30:35+01:00

If you wish to test your sensor in real time then you should use an Acu-Test Pack which allows you to connect the sensor to a PC via a USB cable. It will give wind speed and direction readings in real time. It also allows you to change some settings such as heater set point temperature.

A serial emulator program (such as Tera Term* or HyperTerminal*) is another way of testing communication. This allows you to send commands and receive messages serially to and from the sensor.

*Please note FT Technologies is not responsible for the content of external sites.

What can be done on site to diagnose if a sensor is working properly or not?2019-07-05T14:58:13+01:00

Basic functional checks can be performed to ensure the sensor is communicating and outputting data. The Acu-Test Pack is a test cable and software program that can be used to perform a health check on the core measurement components. Please get in touch for a more detailed troubleshooting guide.

If there is uncertainty over the accuracy of the measurements, they could be compared to other nearby reference sensors. Please bear in mind that the location of each sensor will have a significant impact on instantaneous readings. Taking an average of longer time periods can be more meaningful when making such comparisons.

The only way to determine whether a sensor is still performing within specification is to have it returned to an FT approved wind tunnel for a calibration-check.

How can I protect my sensor from lightning strikes?2019-07-03T09:19:19+01:00

Wind sensors may be exposed to high levels of electromagnetic interference from static discharges and nearby lightning strikes. The FT7 Series incorporates robust protection circuitry to shield them against these effects. The FT7 Series wind sensors will survive undamaged even through lightning induced surges in excess of 4kA 8/20μs.

The FT sensor is designed to survive indirect lightning strikes but, like any electrical equipment, it will not survive a direct strike. It is therefore essential that an appropriate lightning interceptor is installed with the sensor. The body of the sensor must be grounded along with the interceptor and grounding must be continuous through to the ground of the turbine or met mast on which the sensor is mounted. This is to ensure that the majority of the lightning current gets diverted away from the sensor.

The material of the mounting and lightning interceptor should be made from either high-grade aluminium or galvanised steel, due to their good conductive and anti-corrosion properties.

The sensor’s cable should have its shielding terminated at both ends – 360° terminated at the computer/datalogger end in the cabinet wall using an EMC cable gland. Signal wires should then pass through surge protection devices which must be correctly rated as per the Installation Section of the User Manual.

All mating surfaces must be free of non-conductive coatings and corrosion in order to ensure minimum resistance to ground.

FT Technologies can provide a lightning installation checklist which is designed to help you with checking that your sensor and computer/datalogger are adequately protected against lightning strikes. Contact us to request this checklist.

How can I ensure that my sensor will continue to work in an extremely cold climate?2019-07-05T15:37:10+01:00

Icing can be a problem for many wind sensors, particularly around 0°C where humidity levels can still be high. At lower temperatures the air tends to be drier so icing isn’t so much of a problem.

The FT7 Series wind sensors are highly resistant to icing due to their small size and effective heater. To get the best from your sensor in these conditions, the heater should be enabled and set to 30°C. If the default current limit of 4A proves insufficient then it can be raised in software to 6A but you must ensure that your power supply and cable can support at least 6 Amps.

The sensor should be mounted in such a way that heat can flow into the mounting itself. This helps to keep both the sensor and the mounting ice-free, thus ensuring that it does not become ‘blinded’ by ice build-up. If icing could be an issue in your environment, then aluminium should be chosen for the mounting material, as this is a better thermal conductor than galvanised steel.

In extreme conditions, the heater current limit can be increased from the default 4A to 6A through software (excluding the -SM model). This will give a maximum power draw of 180W, however you should ensure that your cable and power supply is appropriately rated to handle the additional current.

How does the heater work and how can I configure it?2019-07-03T09:19:41+01:00

The FT wind sensor has a thermostatically-controlled intelligent heating system to control its three internal heaters. The heaters can be switched on or off, and a heater set point can be chosen between 0°C and 55°C (for v22 sensors and above). Earlier sensors have a maximum heater set-point temperature of 44°C.

In the case of the digital sensor, the heater set-point temperature can be changed through Acu-Vis software or manually, using the HT command via ‘Hyperterminal’. See the Command Parameters section of the User Manual for more details on this.

In the case of the analogue sensor, the heater set-point temperature can only be changed through the Acu-Vis 2.0, using an FT055 cable. These are both supplied in the Acu-Test Pack.

FT can also pre-configure the heater settings for you before dispatching your sensor to you. If you would like to take advantage of this service, please specify your preference at time of ordering.

For most applications, FT recommends a heater set point of 30°C, as this ensures a consistent environment for the electronics and protects the sensor from sudden changes in ambient temperature.

As the heating system is thermostatically controlled, if the temperature of the sensor body rises above the heater set-point temperature, then the heater will automatically switch off. The heater circuitry only draws power when it needs it.

Can I power the sensor with one supply and the heater with another supply?2019-07-05T14:54:23+01:00

No. The power lines to the FT sensor and its internal heaters are combined. There is an under-voltage parameter, which can be set so that if voltage drops below a specific value, the heaters will automatically turn off. This can be useful in situations where a mains power supply is unavailable.

How can I stop my sensor showing erratic speed/direction readings?2019-07-03T09:20:35+01:00

There are several things that you should check if your sensor is showing erratic readings:

  • Ensure that your sensor is running the latest version firmware. Contact us to make sure that you have the latest version relevant to your sensor. You will need to quote your unit serial number when getting in touch.
  • Ensure that the heater set point is set to 30°C or higher.
  • Ensure that some sort of data averaging has been applied, either within the sensor (using the sensor’s internal filtering) or in the computer/data logger.
  • Check your cables are properly connected and ensure shielding is terminated at both ends of the cable. Refer to the Installation Section of your User Manual for further advice.
I have a sensor that I think is faulty. How do I return it for checking?2019-07-03T09:20:44+01:00

Download our Returns Materials Authorisation (RMA) form. Complete the form and forward it to us for authorisation before you send the sensor to us.

Before returning your sensor, however, you may like to speak to one of our technical experts to see if the problem can be resolved without the need to send it back. Often, we find that technical faults can be rectified by adjusting the user settings in the Acu-Vis software. If you would like to speak to one of our technical experts, please contact us.

Corrosion

Ideal for offshore wind turbines and all marine applications.

Tested and proven:

  • Corrosion resistant: ISO 9227 (2006) & IEC12944 (1998)
  • Corrosion class: C5-M High
  • Corrosion test in neutral salt spray atmosphere for 1440 hours

Rain, Mist, Fog and Humidity

Passed:

  • DEF STAN 00-35 Test C26 - Fog intensity of 1 to 2 ml/80cm² for one hour
  • DEF STAN 00-35 Test CL27 - Rain at 200mm for one hour
  • IP67 - Submerged in 1 metre depth of water for 30 minutes
  • EN 60068-2-78 (2002) - Stationary relative humidity +93% for 240 hours
  • EN 60068-2-30 (2005) - Cyclic humidity - Six 24 hour cycles, upper temperature 55°C

Sand & Dust

Sand and dust resistant: DEF STAN 00-35 CL25 (2006) sand particles for 3 hours and dust particles for 3 hours, at 29 m/s air velocity, concentration 1.1g/m³.

Hail

Hail resistant: EN 61215 (2005) 10 hail stones, 7.5 grams each show at the sensor at 23 m/s.

Freezing Rain and Ice

Designed for harsh winters, the FT7 Series wind sensors have an in-built heating system that gives total temperature control. Ice-resistant to MIL-STD-810G:
  • Ice-resistant: Sensor remains ice-free when freezing rain applied in a chamber with temperature -14°C, wind speed 15m/s.
  • De-icing: Sensor exposed to freezing rain in air flow of 15m/s and -14°C. Ice built up to 45mm. Heaters switched on. Airflow and temperature unchanged. The sensor was ice-free in under 15 minutes.

Altitude

  • Passed: EN60068-2-13 (1999) 4 hours at a constant low pressure typical to 3000 metres above sea level.
  • Additional tests in a dedicated altitude wind tunnel have shown that the sensor measures accurately up to 4000m.

Vibration

3 axis Sinusoidal and Random Vibration.

Passed:
  • EN 60068-2-6 (2008)
    5-500 Hz, 1 octave/min sweep range for sinusoidal vibration.
  • EN 60068-2-64 (2008)
    5-500 Hz, 90 mins per axis, 0.0075g²/Hz for random vibration.

Drop

Drop resistant: EN 60068-2-31 (2008) dropped 6 times at different angles from 1 metre onto steel faced concrete.

Ingress

Passed: EN 60529:1992+A2:2013 - Sealed to IP66 and IP67
  • Exposed to a dust chamber for 8 hours.
  • Submerged in 1 metre depth of water for 30 mins.
  • Sprayed by powerful water jets at 100 litres per minute from a distance of 2.5 metres.

Heat and Cold

Operating Temperature: -40°C to +85°C

Passed:
  • EN 60068-2-1 (2007) - 16 hours of cold air at -40°C.
  • EN 60068-2-2 (2007) -  16 hours dry heat at +85°C.
  • EN 60068-2-14 (2009) -  74 hours of heat and cold, 16 temperature cycles from -40°C to +70°C.

Solar Radiation

24 hours of UV radiation with an ambient temperature of 55°C, irradiance of 1120 W/m².

Passed: EN 60068-2-5 (2000)

Brazil

Ag Solve Mon. Ambiental Ltda.
Meteorologia e Hidrologi
Rua Oswaldo Cruz, 764 - Cidade Nova
Indaiatuba - SP - CEP 13334-010
Brazil
T: +55 (19) 3825-1991
F: +55 (19) 3825-1901
E: vendas@agsolve.com.br
W: www.agsolve.com.br

China

中航能科(上海)能源科技有限公司
AVIC INTERNATIONAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD.
上海市嘉定区安亭镇杭桂路中波大厦12层
Level 12, Zhongbo Plaza, Hanggui Road, Anting Town, Jiading District, Shanghai, China
T: +86 13764406450
E: sales@avic-energy-tech.com
W: www.avic-energy-tech.com

通曼能源科技(上海)有限公司
Tongman Energy Technology (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.
Registred address:上海市奉贤区庄行镇叶庄公路135号2幢1022室
Office address:上海市徐汇区龙华西路585号华富大厦B座18B4室
Postcode: 201108
T: +86 021 54251822 / +86 021-62619627 / +86 0411 39728146
F:+86 021 54251023 / +86 0411-39728145
E: sales@tongman-sh.com
W: www.tongman-sh.com

Japan

株式会社フィールドプロ
189-0001 東京都東村山市秋津町5-2-15
T: 042-391-7850
F: 042-391-7851
E: sales@fieldpro.jp
W: www.fieldpro.jp

Korea

DS Company
부산 연제구 월드컵로160 JH빌딩 545호
T: +82-51-796-2060
E: ywnam@dscorp.or.kr

Parkor Korea Indus Co., Ltd.
Doksan-dong, #1010, Tower A, Hyundai Knowledge Industry Center,
70 Dusan-ro, Geumcheon-gu, Seoul 08584, Republic of Korea
서울특별시금천구두산로 70, A-1010 독산동현대지식산업센터
T: +82-2-2169-2500
F: +82-2-2169-2549
E: parkor@parkor.co.kr
W: www.parkor.co.kr

India

3S Nunergy Solutions
JD Jayathri, 3B, III Floor
8 P.T. Rajan Salai, KK Nagar
Chennai - 600 078
India
Contact: C. Sundar
T: +91-9790994051
E: cs@3snunergy.com